Some friends wrote to me and accused Sufism of being heretical: because Sufi's used exotic methods like walking on fire or walking in ice in Siberia to awaken the light within or because Sufi Masters don't preach killing infidels and unveiled women.
Google search volume of the term Sufism includes comparisons between Sufism and Islam and some videos by ( I am sure) Saudi-funded Wahhabi evangelist on differences between Sufism and Islam.
Yes.Sufism is a part of Islam, in fact, it's the hidden pearl within the shell.
The history of Sufism records that during the lifetime of the Prophet Mohammed, fifteen centuries ago, there was a group of pious individuals alongside him who seeked an inner understanding of the message.
These individuals met on the platform, or suffe, of the mosque where Prophet Mohammed used to pray in Medina, Arabia. They would meet there almost everyday to discuss the ways to inner knowledge, the truths of revelation, and debate the meanings of the revelations of the prophet Muhammad. The platform of that mosque in Medina became the first gathering place of one of the most influential groups in the history of mankind's spiritual civilization. They were called Ahle suffe, the People of the Platform.
Among the most famous of these companions were: Salman Farsi, Ammar Yasser, Balla'al, and Abdullah Masoud; some historians have added Oveyse Gharani to this list as well. Avoiding proselytizing among the multitude, their gatherings were held in private, open only to true seekers of reality. Instead of preaching in public, these pious individuals were searchers for truth, not performers of rhetoric or seekers of the glory.
After the Prophet (PBUH) passed away, each of the people of suffe returned to his homeland to instruct students eager to follow the path of inner knowledge. History shows that within a century or two their style of self-understanding and discipline were introduced by their students to nations as diverse and widely separated as Persia, India, Indonesia, Syria, Egypt, Mesopotamia, and North Africa.
Over the centuries, Sufism spread throughout the Islamic world and beyond, with most Sufis being strict followers of Islam, though some were persecuted by the Islamic orthodoxy.The conquest of Spain by the Muslim Moors meant Jews, Muslims and Christians were able to live there harmoniously until the fifteenth century, creating a culture of superb beauty and intelligence which lasted until the Jews and Muslims were banished to Byzantium, and which gave Sufism entrance into the rest of backward Europe.
The result was a chain of hybrid secret societies around the globe whose roots were buried deep in a freedom-loving soil compounded of Sufism, Magian wisdom and the Solomonic and Hermetic wisdom of the Egyptian Essenes all influenced sufi ideology.
Sufism was a grass root revival of esoteric doctrines which sometimes incorporated many elements from Christian monasticism to Jewish Kabbalah.
God doesn't write anywhere in Quran that you can only understand HIM through one way rather HE majestically says:
Hakim Jami, a twelfth-century Sufi master, recounts how translations of Plato, Hippocrates, Pythagoras, and Hermes lay on an unbroken line of Sufi transmission, thus making a causal connection between Sufism and the Greek Mystery schools of antiquity.
The Sufi philosophy was developed and promoted by medieval Muslim philosophers such as Ibn-Arabi , Averroës (known in the Islamic world as Ibn-i-Rushd), Avicenna and Farabi, who, for their Islamic Aristotelianism, were often referred to as the Oriental Peripatetics. This school of thought was greatly saturated with Plato and Aristotelian metaphysics. The Sufis created a vast body of a literary and poetic heritage.
Through this process of diffusion, different schools and orders of Sufism gradually emerged from the single original group of suffe at Medina. Their practices differ from one another in emphasis and doctrine, but all legitimate Sufi schools trace their ultimate origins back to the teachings of Prophet Muhammad and Islam.
As a Sufi, I don't consider it unislamic or heretic that Sufism was influenced by Greek Philosophy or Christian monasticism or even Kabbalah OR influenced all of these simultaneously.
There were Sufi's who tried to find God through numbers or in verse or by turning metal into Gold or by wandering in to deserts seeking a sight of the beloved.
Some prayed by whirling and some by hydra breathing exercises.
Truth is, and Quran is quite clear on this: No one and I mean no one including the Prophet (PBUH) could make windows in to the souls of men and judge their faith. Prophet refrained from it and advised rather admonished his followers never to make judgments.
But these modern day crusaders who know next to nothing about history of Islam believe they are in direct communion with God and can excommunicate anyone from Islam because they are so righteous.
I am no arbitrator and nor should you be one.
The only Arbitrator is HIM.